Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or may not totally reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and in many cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and relentless signs in spite of therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are irreversible. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of critical importance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be because of harmful effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, various others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease more info triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.